By Different Paths to Common Outcomes Cover

By Different Paths to Common Outcomes

Literacy Learning and Teaching

Teacher-centered, practical and research-based, this collection of articles by Marie Clay draws on her lifelong passion for children's literacy and teacher education. Key messages are that children walk on different paths towards literacy, what the child already knows is the essential starting for learning and effective teaching welcomes and accommodates diversity.

Marie Clay demonstrates how understanding what children know becomes the key to effective teaching, how teachers need to look at early literacy learning through children's eyes, and to listen to children as they converse, as well as how writing should be the powerful partner of reading.

In these pages, teachers and educators of teachers will find:
  • Research evidence to raise their awareness of how young minds learn to work with the printed word, help to observe and build on what children already know before they first enter school.
  • How to focus on and interact with what each child can do (not what they can't).
  • How to set each individual learner on his or her own pathway to literary success, so there need be no wasted time, no discouragement for teacher or student.
  • Diversity is to be welcomed and accommodated, and independence fostered.

Ages: 5-11 | Pages: 304 | Code: GE0204 | ISBN: 9781927293003

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Picture of Marie Clay

Marie Clay

For three decades Marie Clay has been acknowledged as a world leader in research on literacy learning, child development and the prevention of learning disorders.

Her early academic work as a child psychologist involved the observation and study of children as they acquire literacy. An outcome of this research was the development of reliable tools for assessing progress with literacy learning and these instruments have been published and are widely used around the world today.

Marie's decision to focus on struggling learners and the resulting development of the Reading Recovery early intervention changed how the education community worldwide viewed these children's chances of becoming literate.

There are many other publications by Marie Clay in the areas of writing, oral language and classroom learning.


Foreword by Peter Johnson xi
PART ONE Children Come to School by Different Paths1
1. Children's Language5
2. Conversations as One Model of Teaching Interactions13
3. Literacy Awareness: From Acts to Awareness37
4. Developmental Learning Puzzles Me81
PART TWO Understanding What Children Know95
5. Looking and Seeing in the Classroom97
6. Using the Concepts About Print Task with School Entrants101
7. Concepts about Print in English and Other Languages111
8. Talking, Reading, and Writing122
9. The Power of Writing in Early Literacy145
10. Fostering Independence in Writing177
11. Introducing Storybooks to Young Readers186
12. Constructive Processes: Reading, Writing, Talking, Art and Crafts200
PART THREE The Challenge to Helping All Children to Become Literate209
13. The Challenge of Literacy Improvement211
14. Accommodating Diversity in Early Literacy Learning234
15. Child development and Literacy Learning259