Planning and assessment are the book-ends to all the activities and care that takes place during any early childhood session. Educators need to prepare well for each day. That includes examining the theory behind what will happen and the aims of these activities. It also includes physical preparations such as setting up environments and providing necessary materials. Assessment is ongoing during any session and will continue during reflection afterwards. Early childhood programmes need to be measured for their value. Assessment helps determine the needs of students and determine whether some activities need to be added, adjusted or discontinued. There are Essential Resources available here to support these needs.